The deployment of 5G should be viewed as an evolution that builds on all spectrum assets. The primary technologies include: Millimeter wave bands (26, 28, 38, and 60 GHz) are 5G and offer performance as high as 20 gigabits per second. 5G will enable instantaneous connectivity to billions of devices, the Internet of Things (IoT) and a truly connected world. 5G will be much more efficient than prior network technologies.
The Rapid Development of 5G in China–
China is moving rapidly to develop 5G services nationwide after allocating radio frequency spectrum for the next-generation mobile system. Communication technology development is the key part of President Xi’s ‘Made in China’ 2025 Plan. China has achieved rapid development in emerging 5G technologies and some provinces have started to adopt the technology earlier than expected. The development of 5G technology has entered a “final sprint” into a new era in the domestic market, Wang Xinzhe, an expert from China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said at the China Development Forum. China has surpassed the U.S. $24 billion since 2015 and has built 350,000 new cell sites to support 5G communications.
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China sees 5G as its first chance to lead wireless technology development on a global scale. European countries adopted 2G before other regions, in the 1990s; Japan pioneered 3G in the early 2000s; and the US dominated the launch of 4G, in 2011. But this time China is leading in telecommunications rather than playing catch-up.
Spectrum Allocation to China’s Telecom Companies–
China Mobile, the country’s largest operator, has been approved to use spectrum in the 2.515 GHz to 2.675 GHz and the 4.8 GHz to 4.9 GHz ranges for its nationwide 5G trials.
China Telecom was allowed to use the 3.4 GHz to 3.5 GHz frequency range to carry out 5G trials in mainland China.
China Unicom said it has been approved to use the 3.5 GHz to 3.6 GHz frequency band for a nationwide 5G trial rollout until June 2020.
China Broadcasting Network has also been awarded 5G license to start and run commercial 5G mobile services in the country. These companies can now go ahead with full commercial deployment of 5G networks across China, and allow users to subscribe to the faster data services. 5G promises a whole suite of dramatic improvements. It uses entirely new wireless infrastructure to achieve speeds up to 100 times faster than 4G and promises to nearly eliminate any processing delays.