Advantages of International Manufacturing Contracts

The International Manufacturing Contracts is used in situations when one company appoints a manufacturer, usually based in emerging countries, to manufacture goods for it. In a typical arrangement, Company A gives Manufacturer B the specifications, and possibly also the materials necessary for the manufacturing process. Such agreements are entered into for the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, food and beverages, airplanes, industrial products, and high tech components.

The   Manufacturer has experience and expertise in the design,   engineering, and manufacture of goods and the  Client. The manufacturer is willing to manufacture and supply such goods for the  Client, on the terms of this contract.


Contract manufacturing offers a number of benefits


Cost Savings: International Manufacturing Contracts are an effective tool for companies to save an incredible amount of money on their capital costs. Companies can directly benefit from low-cost labor wages in China.

Advanced Skills: Companies can take advantage of the skilled labors and expertise of the China contract manufacturing firm. At a very affordable rate, international companies can produce their products from skilled labors.

Quality: Contract Manufacturers are likely to have their own methods of quality control in place that help them to detect counterfeit or damaged materials early.

Focus: When companies sign International Manufacturing Contracts, the biggest advantage is they can concentrate on their core business rather than worrying about production.


The Model Contract for the International Sale of Goods is presented in two versions –

The Standard– It contains definitions of relevant notions, special comments, explanations, and/or warnings.

The Short One– It is more practice-oriented, covering the main rights and obligations of the Parties.

In the past, many CMs in China insisted on no product warranty.  Today, more and more CMs are willing to offer product warranty against product defects for which the CMs are responsible—i.e., design defects for which the buyer is responsible are not covered. Find out if the contract manufacturer can dropship your product directly to customers everywhere or even to a specified geographic area. Some may handle individual shipments to customers, while others only deliver a large lot to a central warehouse where the hiring firm takes care of shipments.

International Law standards are not applied to this type of Agreement. The parties are free to submit any conflicts regarding the agreement to International Arbitration or to the Laws of the country of one of the parties.

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A Detailed Review of China’s Unreliable Entity List & Its Impact on Businesses

China’s Ministry of Commerce released long-awaited provisions on its so-called “unreliable entity list”. According to the Chinese Government, the Regulations were promulgated in the name of safeguarding China’s interests in “sovereignty, security, and development. Companies that end up on the list could be banned from importing or exporting from China and may be barred from investing in the country.

China Manufacturing Contract


On September 19, 2020, China’s Ministry of Commerce finally issued the Regulations on Unreliable Entity List (the “Regulations”). Newly issued Unreliable Entity List (“UEL”) regulations establish a framework for list-based economic sanctions to be administered by China.

According to the Chinese Government, the Regulations were promulgated in the name of safeguarding China’s interests in “sovereignty, security, and development,” maintaining a “fair and free international economic and trade order,” and protecting the “lawful rights and interests of Chinese companies, other organizations or individuals.

Principles for Determining an Unreliable Entity

The Regulations stipulate that foreign enterprises, other organizations or individuals may be included on the UEL if they:

Cause damage to China’s national sovereignty, security and interest of development

Violate normal market business principles, discontinue normal transactions with or take discriminatory measures against Chinese companies, other organizations, or individuals, and seriously harm the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese companies, other organizations, or individuals.

After President Donald Trump’s administration imposed additional tariffs on Chinese goods and curbs on Huawei Technologies Co last year, China vowed to draw up a list aimed at punishing foreign firms deemed harmful to Chinese interests. In addition to the UEL Provisions, China has recently updated its Catalogue of Technologies Prohibited and Restricted from Export and is expected to pass the Export Control Law within this year.


“Beijing will likely name at least one US company to the (unreliable entity list) between now and year-end – possibly even in coming days – but will use this tool in a targeted fashion, particularly in its early stages,” Michael Hirson, practice head, China and Northeast Asia, said in a note


Who is at risk?

Any enterprise, organization, or foreign citizen may be listed if they are found to have done something that endangers the national sovereignty, security, or development interests of China. Firms, groups and individuals placed on the blacklist will be restricted or banned from trade with China, as well as investment and entry of people and vehicles into the country. Other measures include imposing fines, entry restrictions on employees into China and revoking their work or residence permits.


The working mechanism of Unreliable Entity List

The “List Regulations” require central government agencies to establish an inter-departmental task force (“working mechanism”) to implement the entity inventory system. Chinese authorities have not established a mechanism similar to the US authorities’ overseas summoning powers for obtaining overseas records of foreign entities.

Chinese experts stressed that China’s Unreliable Entity List mechanism was a strictly defensive move that seeks to protect Chinese interests and China’s long-standing opening-up policy.

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