Latest Updates on China’s 5G Spectrum Allocations

The deployment of 5G should be viewed as an evolution that builds on all spectrum assets. The primary technologies include: Millimeter wave bands (26, 28, 38, and 60 GHz) are 5G and offer performance as high as 20 gigabits per second. 5G will enable instantaneous connectivity to billions of devices, the Internet of Things (IoT) and a truly connected world. 5G will be much more efficient than prior network technologies.

The Rapid Development of 5G in China

China is moving rapidly to develop 5G services nationwide after allocating radio frequency spectrum for the next-generation mobile system. Communication technology development is the key part of President Xi’s ‘Made in China’ 2025 Plan. China has achieved rapid development in emerging 5G technologies and some provinces have started to adopt the technology earlier than expected. The development of 5G technology has entered a “final sprint” into a new era in the domestic market, Wang Xinzhe, an expert from China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said at the China Development Forum. China has surpassed the U.S. $24 billion since 2015 and has built 350,000 new cell sites to support 5G communications.


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China sees 5G as its first chance to lead wireless technology development on a global scale. European countries adopted 2G before other regions, in the 1990s; Japan pioneered 3G in the early 2000s; and the US dominated the launch of 4G, in 2011. But this time China is leading in telecommunications rather than playing catch-up.

Spectrum Allocation to China’s Telecom Companies

China Mobile-

China Mobile, the country’s largest operator, has been approved to use spectrum in the 2.515 GHz to 2.675 GHz and the 4.8 GHz to 4.9 GHz ranges for its nationwide 5G trials.

China Telecom-

China Telecom was allowed to use the 3.4 GHz to 3.5 GHz frequency range to carry out 5G trials in mainland China.

China Unicom

China Unicom said it has been approved to use the 3.5 GHz to 3.6 GHz frequency band for a nationwide 5G trial rollout until June 2020.

China Broadcasting Network has also been awarded 5G license to start and run commercial 5G mobile services in the country. These companies can now go ahead with full commercial deployment of 5G networks across China, and allow users to subscribe to the faster data services. 5G promises a whole suite of dramatic improvements. It uses entirely new wireless infrastructure to achieve speeds up to 100 times faster than 4G and promises to nearly eliminate any processing delays.

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Why Huawei is the Top-Player in the 5G Wireless Networks & Patenting

5G technology is the next generation of wireless communications. Set to be rolled out in 2020, the fifth generation wireless standard or 5G is tipped to be the mobile network for the internet of things and big data. 5G will outperform the current 4G and 4G LTE standards when it comes to download and upload speeds by up to 100 times. With 5G, data transmitted over wireless broadband connections could travel at rates as high as 20 Gbps by some estimates — exceeding wireline network speeds — as well as offer latency of 1 ms or lower for uses that require real-time feedback. The result will be faster and more reliable mobile connectivity.

According to the Qualcomm projects, by 2035, 5G will add $12.3 trillion annually to the global economy and support 22 million jobs by powering a vast array of applications ranging from entertainment to transportation to retail. This new-wave technology will be able to meet the vast requirements for additional data transmission capability that are expected in the coming years. Once the 5G transition is fully completed, it will transform the next wave of technological advances in AI, Machine Learning, Smart City Projects, Quantum Computing and Self-Driving Cars.

Huawei, the Biggest Player in the 5G Patent Race-

Chinese company Huawei is considered the market leader in the 5G technology. The licensing of 5G SEPs looks set to become a major trend not only for the smartphone industry but for any manufacturing sector where connectivity is important. And Huawei has invested enormously in acquiring 5G patents.

Top companies making technical contribution to the 5G standard

Today, Huawei owns roughly 10 percent of the 1,450 5G patents filed according to a 2018 report by the U.S.–China Economic and Security Review Commission. Huawei has a pool of 74307 patents in different areas and around 43% of these are outside China. The vast majority of its patents are organically obtained by Huawei, either directly or through various subsidiary companies such as, for example, Futurewei Technologies.

“Huawei places great emphasis on research and development, so the creation of high patent numbers is a natural result,” said Dr. Song Liuping, Huawei Senior Vice President and Chief Legal Officer. “These numbers may rise further as we increasingly participate in the setting of next-generation telecommunication standards such as 5G. Huawei will continue to invest in patent creation and filling to protect our intellectual property.”

The Domination of Huawei in the 5G Wireless Networks and Patenting-

Huawei has been pouring money into research on 5G wireless networks and patenting key technologies. The company has hired many experts from abroad as well to decide the technical standards for the next-generation wireless communication technology. By dominating 5G standards at international standard-setting agencies, Huawei could pocket licensing fees from mobile service providers and governments that use its 5G technology.

Huawei has earned customer recognition for outstanding 5G end-to-end capabilities. Huawei plans to launch a full range of Huawei commercial equipment including wireless access networks, core networks and devices among other offerings. It also plans to increase the number of NB-IoT connections in the world to more than 100bn by 2025.

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